Easter island is an island and unique territory of chile in the southeastern pacific ocean.
It’s miles positioned on the southeasternmost factor of the polynesian triangle in oceania.
The island stands in isolation 1,900 km (1,200 miles) east of pitcairn island and three,540 km (2,two hundred miles) west of chile.
Forming a triangle 23 km (14 miles) long by means of eleven km (7 miles) wide, it has a place of 163 square km (63 square miles).
The small and hilly island isn’t a part of a sunken landmass however is a regular oceanic high island shaped by way of volcanoes growing from the seafloor.
The island’s biggest volcano is referred to as rano kao, and its highest point is mount terevaka, which reaches 507.Five m (1,665 toes) above sea level.
Easter island boasts no natural harbor, but ships can anchor off hanga roa on the west coast – it’s far the island’s largest village, with a populace of roughly three,three hundred.
The island is most well-known for its 887 regarded moai statues. They are also referred to as moai, easter island heads and ‘easter island statues.
The moai statues are monolithic human figures carved by way of the rapa nui. They range in size from a peak of much less than 1.Five meters (4.9 feet) to round 10 meters (33 feet) tall.
All but 53 of the 887 moai statues acknowledged thus far were carved from tuff (a compressed volcanic ash).
“ahu” are stone structures on which many moai sit down. There are 313 regarded ahu and a hundred twenty five of those convey moai. The most important, ahu tongariki is 220 meters (720 feet), and had the maximum (15) and tallest moai.
It is nonetheless unknown precisely why these statues were constructed in such numbers and on this type of scale, or how they were moved around the island.
In 1995, unesco named easter island a international history web page, with tons of the island included inside rapa nui countrywide park.
Professionals disagree on while the island’s polynesian inhabitants first reached the island. Some believe that they arrived round 800 advert, although a 2007 study discovered the time to be 1200 ad.
Land clearing for cultivation and the creation of the polynesian rat caused sluggish deforestation.
The call “easter island” was given via the island’s first recorded ecu vacationer, the dutch explorer jacob roggeveen, who encountered it on easter sunday (five april) in 1722, at the same time as searching for “davis land”.
A french navigator, jean-francois de galaup, comte de l. A. Perouse, discovered 2,000 people on the island when he arrived in 1786. A first-rate slave raid from peru in 1862, accompanied with the aid of epidemics of smallpox, decreased the populace to most effective 111 human beings by way of 1877.
By way of that time, catholic missionaries had settled on easter island and started to transform the populace to christianity, a process that became completed by means of the past due 19th century.
In 1888, chile annexed easter island, leasing a whole lot of the land for sheep raising.
The chilean authorities appointed a civilian governor for easter island in 1965, and the island’s citizens became full chilean citizens.
Easter island’s traditional language is rapa nui, an eastern polynesian language, sharing some similarities with hawaiian and tahitian. However, as inside the rest of mainland chile, the respectable language used is spanish.
These days’s vacationers are severa, and maximum visit the rano raraku quarry, which yielded the stones used for almost all the island’s moai.
The pre-christian easter islanders had severa superstitions and resorted to charms, prayers, incantations, and amulets to bring suitable success and thrust back evil.
Yearly in february old and young of each sexes meet in contests to restore the humanities and practices of the island’s beyond, along with carving, tattooing, reed-boat constructing, and conventional singing and dancing.
There are round 25 eating places catering to travelers on the island.
Pisco, a tough alcohol crafted from fermented grapes, is the unofficial drink of the island.
In 2018 the rapa nui marine included region, encompassing 286,000 square miles (740,000 square km) of pacific ocean surrounding easter island, become mounted.
Easter island enjoys a warm in the course of the year and swept through sturdy trade winds. The average annual temperature is sixty eight °f (20 °c), with a range of 59 to 80 °f (15 to 27 °c). February is usually the freshest month. Rainfall is regular throughout the 12 months – may additionally has a tendency to be the wettest month and
September has the least rainfall.