Driest place on earth or Atacama desert

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The atacama barren region is a desert in south the us.

Consistent with estimates, it occupies approximately 105,000 rectangular kilometers (forty one,000 sqare miles).

The atacama barren region stretches the northern third of chile and straddles the southern border of peru.

It covers a 1,six hundred kilometers (990 miles) strip of land on the pacific coast, west of the andes mountains.

Maximum of the wilderness is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the andes.

At a mean elevation of about 4,000 meters (thirteen,000 ft) it is not best the best wasteland inside the international, however also one of the coldest, with temperatures averaging between zero°c and 25°c (32°f and seventy seven°f).

The far flung indoors of the atacama desolate tract is basically tied for the driest barren region inside the world with the other equally driest vicinity being a few very unique spots inside the mcmurdo dry valleys of antarctica.

It is also the handiest true desert to obtain much less precipitation than the polar deserts.

In spite of extremes and desolation there is stunning beauty. With the andes as a backdrop the barren region consists of 5 snow topped volcanoes, which are the very best volcanoes within the international and the best elevations in south america.

The plant and animal existence in the atacama live on under perhaps the earth‘s maximum demanding conditions. However a wealthy sort of vegetation has evolved there. Over 500 species had been collected inside the border of this desert.

Maximum common species are the herbs and flowers inclusive of thyme, llareta, and saltgrass, and where humidity is enough, bushes which includes the chañar, the pimiento tree, and the leafy algarrobo.

Animal life may be very uncommon on this desert, even though there are a few insects and lizards to be discovered. Mice and fox are also gift, but in small wide variety.

Approximately 80 geysers occur in a valley approximately 80 km (50 mi) from the city of san pedro de atacama.

The baños de puritama are rock pools that are 60 kilometres (37 miles) from the geysers.

In a region about one hundred km (60 mi) south of antofagasta, which averages three,000 meters (10,000 ft) in elevation, the soil has been in comparison to that of mars. Owing to its otherworldly look, the atacama has been used as a vicinity for filming mars scenes, maximum substantially inside the television series area odyssey: voyage to the planets.

Because of its high altitude, almost nonexistent cloud cover, dry air, and lack of light pollution and radio interference from widely populated cities and cities, this barren region is one of the first-class places in the global to behavior astronomical observations.

The atacama big millimeter/submillimeter array (alma) is an astronomical interferometer of 66 radio telescopes inside the atacama desolate tract of northern chile, which examine electromagnetic radiation at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. It is the most important and most costly astronomical telescope task within the international.

The atacama is moderately populated, with most towns placed along the pacific coast. In interior regions, oases and some valleys had been populated for millennia and have been the area of the most advanced pre-columbian societies found in chile.

The atacama massive is an anthropomorphic geoglyph on cerro unitas inside the atacama desert. It’s miles the most important eeprehistoric anthropomorphic discern within the world with a length of 119 metres (390 toes), and represented a deity for the local population from advert one thousand to 1400.

The alicanto is a mythological nocturnal chicken of the wasteland of atacama, touching on chilean mythology. Legend says that the alicanto’s wings shine at night time with stunning, metallic colorings, and their eyes emit peculiar lights. The coloration of the wings may also imply the type of ore it eats, golden if from a gold mine and silvery if from a silver mine. A few descriptions also painting the coloration of the wings as copper-inexperienced.

The alicanto is a mythological nocturnal chicken of the wasteland of atacama, touching on chilean mythology. Legend says that the alicanto’s wings shine at night time with stunning, metallic colorings, and their eyes emit peculiar lights. The coloration of the wings may also imply the type of ore it eats, golden if from a gold mine and silvery if from a silver mine. A few descriptions also painting the coloration of the wings as copper-inexperienced.